Shoulder Conditions and Injuries

Shoulder problems often arise because of injury to the soft tissues of the shoulder, overuse or underuse of the shoulder, or even because of damage to the tissues.

Shoulder problems result in pain, which may be localized to the joint or travel to areas around the shoulder or down the arm. Damage to the shoulder joint may result in instability of the joint, and pain is often felt when raising the arm or when soft tissues are trapped between the bones (impingement). Impingement is particularly common in sports activities that involve repetitive overhead arm motions, such as pitching baseballs.

You may have a shoulder injury if

  • Your shoulder is stiff and doesn’t allow full normal movement.
  • Your shoulder lacks strength to perform your daily activities.
  • Your shoulder feels as if it’s slipping out of place (upper arm bone “popping” or a feeling that your arm is sliding out of the shoulder socket).

Another common cause of shoulder pain is arthritis. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA) — sometimes called degenerative arthritis because it is a “wearing out” condition involving the breakdown of cartilage in the joints. OA can occur without a shoulder injury, but this seldom happens since the shoulder is not a weight-bearing joint like the knee or hip. Instead, shoulder OA commonly occurs many years following a shoulder injury, such as a dislocation, that has led to joint instability and damage, allowing OA to develop.

Following are some of the more common shoulder conditions and injuries we treat in our practice. Please click on the link below to view information about these conditions from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Common Conditions & Injuries

Arthritis of the Shoulder
Biceps Tendon Tear at the Shoulder
Chronic Shoulder Instability
Common Shoulder Injuries
Dislocated Shoulder Frozen Shoulder Rotator Cuff Tears
Rotator Cuff Tears: Frequently Asked Questions
Rotator Cuff Tears: Surgical Treatment Options
Shoulder Impingement/Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
Shoulder Injuries in the Throwing Athlete
Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear)
Shoulder Pain and Common Shoulder Problems
Shoulder Separation
Shoulder Trauma (Fractures and Dislocations)
Shoulder Impingement/Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
SLAP Tears

Quick Fact

Hip fractures are more common in women than men.